Global Soil Biodiversity Atlas Maps

Dataset (2016) containing 2 GIS maps from the Global Soil Biodiversity Atlas: 1) the Soil Biodiversity map showing a simple index describing the potential level of diversity living in soils (with the use of two other datasets: distribution of microbial soil carbon used as a proxy for soil microbial diversity, and the distribution of the main groups of soil macrofauna used as a proxy for soil fauna diversity. 2) the Soil Biodiversity threats showing the potential rather than the actual level of threat to soil organisms. For the development of this map, a number of diverse threats and corresponding proxies were chosen.
Registration is requested: 
Yes
Author - Contributors: 
Alberto Orgiazzi
Arwyn Jones
Luca Montanarella
Year: 
2016

This dataset contains 2 maps from the Global Soil Biodiversity Atlas

 

Soil Biodiversity map

This map is presented on pages 90-91 of the Global Soil Biodiversity Atlas. The map shows a simple index describing the potential level of diversity living in soils on our planet. In order to make this preliminary assessment, two sets of data were used:

  • distribution of microbial soil carbon developed by Serna-Chavez and colleagues (2013). This dataset was used as a proxy for soil microbial diversity:
  • distribution of the main groups of soil macrofauna developed by Mathieu (unpublished data). This dataset was used as a proxy for soil fauna diversity.

References

  • Serna-Chavez, H.M., et al., 2013. Global drivers and patterns of microbial abundance in soil, Global Ecology and Biogeography 22: 1162-1172

 

Soil Biodiversity threats map

This map is presented on pages 134-135 of the Global Soil Biodiversity Atlas. The map shows the potential rather than the actual level of threat to soil organisms. For the development of this map, the following threats and corresponding proxies were chosen:

  • loss of aboveground biodiversity: map of plant species loss developed by the University of Maryland, Baltimore County (Ellis et al, 2012);
  • pollution and nutrient overloading: map of the nitrogen fertiliser application developed by the NASA Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (Potter et al., 2011);
  • agricultural use: map of cropland percentage cover developed by the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis - International Food Policy Research Institute (Fritz et al., 2015);
  • overgrazing: map of cattle density developed by the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the Free University of Brussels (Robinson et al., 2014);
  • fire risk: map of fire density 1997-2010 developed by the United Nations Environment Programme Division of Early Warning and Assessment (UNEP – DEWA, 2015);
  • soil erosion: map of Water and Wind Erosion Vulnerability Indices developed by the United States Department of Agriculture Natural Resources Conservation Service (USDA – NRCS, 2015);
  • land degradation: map of Desertification Vulnerability Index developed by the United States Department of Agriculture Natural Resources Conservation Service (USDA – NRCS, 2015);
  • climate change: map of Global Aridity Index developed by University of Leuven (UKL), with the support of the International Water Management Institute (IWMI) and the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (Zomer at al., 2008).

 

References

  • Ellis, E.C., et al., 2012. All is not loss: plant biodiversity in the Anthropocene. PLOS ONE 7: 1-9.
  • United Nations Environment Programme Division of Early Warning and Assessment (UNEP – DEWA). Fire density 1997-2010. Global Risk Data Platform, 2015.
  • Fritz, S., et al., 2015. Mapping global cropland and field size. Global Change Biology 21: 1980-1992.
  • Potter, P., et al., 2011. Global Fertilizer and Manure, Version 1: Nitrogen Fertilizer Application. NASA Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDAC).
  • Robinson, T.P., et al., 2014. Mapping the global distribution of livestock. PLOS ONE 9: e96084.
  • USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. World Soil Resources Map Index, 2015.
  • Zomer, R.J., et al., 2008. Climate Change Mitigation: A Spatial Analysis of Global Land Suitability for Clean Development Mechanism Afforestation and Reforestation. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 126: 67-80.

 

Other maps of the Atlas

Some maps of the atlas are available as GIS files (in .lpk format). These maps are the ones on pages: 

Page Map
17 Land Cover Map
25 Global distribution of peatlands
69 Global estimates of soil microbial abundance.
70 Global taxonomic richness of soil fungi
70 Global plant root colonisation by arbuscular fungi
70 Global plant root colonisation by ecto-mycorrhizal fungi
71 Global distribution of soil macrofauna groups
76-87 Global distribution of ecoregions
88 Global distribution of agricultural areas
89 Global distribution of artificial areas
104 Soil Organic Carbon
110 World distribution of stages of soil evolution
118 Anthropogenic plant species loss
121 Global estimated nitrogen deposition
122 Global cropland cover
124 Global sheep density
125 Global cattle density
127 Global burnt areas
128 Water erosion vulnerability
129 Wind erosion vulnerability
130 Desertification vulnerability
132 Temperature anomalies 1990-2014
138 Global plant biodiversity hotspots
154 Global terrestrial protected areas
154 Global biome weights
159 EcoFINDERS analysed soil biodiversity points
166 Participants of the Global Soil Biodiversity Initiative

 

Since these maps have been elaborated by us with the use of data from external sources/partners, you should seek written approval from these external sources/partners before we can send you these files. This table gives the contact details.

 

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