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Temporary Dataset Download: European Soil Database Derived data

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  1. The data have been prepared for use by the Land Resource Management Unit (Institute for Environment & Sustainability) of the Joint Research Centre (JRC) of the European Commission.
  2. The data provided has been prepared for use by internal research activities in the Land Resource Management Unit of the Institute for Environment & Sustainability, JRC Ispra.
  3. The data were developed for research purposes of the JRC only and not for any other activity. The JRC does not accept any liability whatsoever for any error, missing data or omission in the data, or for any loss or damage arising from its use. The JRC agrees to provide the data free of charge but is not bound to justify the content and values contained in the databases.
  4. The permission to use the data specified above is granted on condition that, under NO CIRCUMSTANCES are these data passed to third parties. They can be used for any purpose, including commercial gain.
  5. The user agrees to:
       a) Make proper reference to the source of the data when disseminating the results to which this agreement relates;
       b) Participate in the verification of the data (e.g. by noting and reporting any errors or omissions discovered to the JRC).

Download the data:

ESDB Derived data layers, Published: October 2013, Size: 54 MB



Other Information

Soil Property Topsoil (Filename) Subsoil (Filename) Unit
Area of STU allocation STU_EU_ALLOCATE unitless
Depth available to roots STU_EU_DEPTH_ROOTS cm
Clay content STU_EU_T_CLAY STU_EU_S_CLAY %
Sand content STU_EU_T_SAND STU_EU_S_SAND %
Silt content STU_EU_T_SILT STU_EU_S_SILT %
Organic carbon content STU_EU_T_OC STU_EU_S_OC %
Bulk density STU_EU_T_BD STU_EU_S_BD g cm-3
Total available water content from PTR SMU_EU_T_TAWC SMU_EU_S_TAWC mm
Total available water content from PTF STU_EU_T_TAWC STU_EU_S_TAWC mm

References - Porposed Citations

Layer Properties
Common properties for the soil property layers are:

Format: Idrisi raster format
Reference system: ETRS 89 LAEA
Rows: 5900
Columns: 4600
Min. X 1500000.0
Max. X 7400000.0
Min. Y 900000.0
Max. Y 5500000.0
Resolution: 1000.0
Reference unit: meter

Comments - Notes on to use of soil property layers

Comments on to use of soil property layers from spatially allocating soil typological units (STU) of the European Soil Database (ESDB):

  • Spatial layers on key soil properties for the topsoil and subsoil with pan-European coverage are derived from the spatial allocation of STUs. STUs are only allocated to 1km grid cells for those areas where suitable data exist to perform a multi-criteria evaluation and land allocation. In other areas the properties of the dominant STUs are mapped. The area where STUs are allocated is provided as a binary layer.
  • The layers of soil properties of STUs are intended to facilitate modelling requirements by making the complete range of data for a soil mapping unit (SMU) available in a single layer. The procedure used to spatially allocate STU properties to 1km grid cells does not estimate the property of that grid cell, but is the likely distribution of all STUs of a soil mapping unit (SMU) within the spatial and thematic limits of that unit. Users should be aware that the correlation between the soil properties of a grid location with point data from ground surveys may be very low.
  • The final result of the modelling activity should be aggregated to SMUs or another larger mapping unit. It is generally not recommended to aggregate soil properties to larger spatial units by averaging the property values first and then using the average values as input for models.

Special note for depth:

  • The depth layer included in the data set is the "depth to obstacles to roots" derived from the ESDB depth classes recorded in the field [ROO.ST_SGDBE]. For organic soils in Sweden the field contains only code 4 (Obstacle to roots between 20 and 40 cm depth). The depth value for this class is set to 30cm. As a consequence, the subsoil layers for organi9c carbon and bulk density only contain mineral soils.
  • The layer is not suitable to calculate soil organic carbon density other than the topsoil. To compute this parameter the required soil properties (depth, organic carbon content, bulk density and gravel content) should be available for the depth of the soil.

Special note for peat:

  • The soil texture data contains texture values as provided by the Harmonized World Soil Database (HWSD) V.1.2.1. The HWSD provides texture values also for most typological units classified as peat.
  • In the ESDB pedo-transfer rule (PTR) 22 is used to identify peat. The conditions defining the PTR are purely based on the soil classification name (taxonomy). Data of organic carbon content of the HWSD do not fully correspond to the results of using PTR 22. For example, Histo-Humic Gleysol (Ghh) is classified as peat by PTR 22, but classifying the soil texture and organic carbon content data of the HWSD does not necessarily provide the same class.
  • To identify areas of peat in this data set the peat class (Class 8) in the layer on texture classes should be used, which is consistent with the texture and organic carbon layer data. The classification of peat is done on the basis of the soil clay and organic carbon content as found in the SGDBE of the ESDB. In case a model uses soil texture information separately from peat it is recommended to give priority to the peat areas identified in the data layer of classified soil texture
  1. Hiederer, R. 2013. Mapping Soil Properties for Europe - Spatial Representation of Soil Database Attributes. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union - 2013 - 47pp. EUR26082EN Scientific and Technical Research series, ISSN 1831-9424, doi:10.2788/94128
  2. Hiederer, R. 2013. Mapping Soil Typologies - Spatial Decision Support Applied to European Soil Database. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union - 2013 - 147pp. EUR25932EN Scientific and Technical Research series, ISSN 1831-9424, doi:10.2788/8728


Joint Research Centre - European Soil Data Centre (ESDAC)
ID 49031
Date - Time Thu, 11/25/2021 - 13:31
Name of User Krumka Kasapova
Organization MM LtD
Type of Organization Other (specify)
-- Other Researcher
Purpose Familiarisation with soil types in Europe

When making reference to the ESDAC

  • Panagos P., Van Liedekerke M., Jones A., Montanarella L., “European Soil Data Centre: Response to European policy support and public data requirements”; (2012) Land Use Policy, 29 (2), pp. 329-338. doi:10.1016/j.landusepol.2011.07.003
  • European Soil Data Centre (ESDAC),, European Commission, Joint Research Centre