Soil Databases 1:250.000

Find Below the list of European Soil Databases Available at scale 1:250.000

With the current application of modelling, the need for quantitative soil parameters is increasing. Numerical data with spatial and temporal references and a formalization of methods to process them are now required. The scale and the precision of the 1:1,000,000 database do no longer suffice to ensure the harmonization in methodology between the various soil survey organizations and to meet the needs for specific soils information. The 1:250,000 scale seems a good intermediate level for linking the data stored in the 1:1,000,000 database with those of small areas covered by national studies.


The European Soil Bureau Network recommended and endorsed the preparation of a georeferenced soil database for Europe at scale 1:250,000. The Manual of Procedures Version 1.1 (Georeferenced Soil Database for Europe, EUR 18092) sets out the proposed methodology, the concepts, the structure and the implementation of the new soil database. the following Countries. The Suitability of the 1:250,000 Soil Database has been shown by a number of applications which have already been made in different European countries:



Title : Digital Soil Map of the Austria. 
Abstract: The Digital Soil Map of Austria comprises agricultural soils. The soil mapping was started in 1958 and is nearly finished. The survey in the field was carried out at a scale of 1:10.000 and the results were generalised for a scale of 1: 25.000. In 1998 the obtained maps were transferred into a GIS system and a web application ("eBod") was launched in 2004 ( This application is regularly updated and soil thematic maps, like soil water status, soil erosion etc. are developed. Additionally, basic geodata, like satellite images and aerial photos are provided. The scale is variable, however, it is recommended to avoid a resolution lower that 1.10.000. When a scale large that 1: 30.000 is used, the application will automatically switch to a raster image (cell size: 50 m) allowing overviews on a regional scale. 

More information can be downloaded from the link 
Download the Metadata Document and get more information from BodenKarte
Copyrights: Federal Research and Training Centre for Forests, Natural Hazards and Landscape (BFW) 
WebGis Application hosted by Land-, forst und wasserwirtschaftliches Rechenzentrum GmbH (LFRZ) 

Geographical area specification: Austria 
Language: German 
Projection: Austria - Lambert, Bessel Ellipsoid 1841 


Name: Dipl.-Ing. Dr. Ernst Leitgeb 
Organisation: Department of Forest Ecology and Soil (Head) 

Name: Dipl.-Ing. Michael Wandl
Organisation: Department of Forest Ecology and Soil (GIS and metadata editor) 


Figure 1: Soil Map of Austria


Czech Republic

Title : Soil Map of the Czech Republic. 
Abstract: The present soil map of Czech Republic is map of dominant soil taxonomical units, their parent materials, Czech and world reference classification, background for land use and potencional soil degradation evaluation.

Reference Date: 15.10.2008 
Subject: environment, soil, maps 
Spatial representation: Vector 
Reference Date: 15.10.2008 
Scale of comparable map: 1: 200,000 
Geographical area specification: Czech Republic 
Language: Czech 
Coding: undefined 

Reference System: S-JTSK 
Coordinate System: Krovák, Elipsoid: Bessel 


Name: Prof. RNDr. Jan Nemecek, DrSc. 
Position: Professor 
Function: Author 
Adress and contact: Kamycká 129, Praha 6, CZ-16521
E-mail: jan.nemecek@af.czu.czTelephone:+420 224 382 752 

Name:Prof. Ing. Josef Kozák, DrSc., dr.h.c. 
Position: Professor 
Function: co-author 
Adress and contact: Kamycká 129, Praha 6, CZ-16521
E-mail: kozak@af.czu.czTelephone: +420 224 384 757 

Name:Ing. Arch. Zuzana Lérová, CSc. Position: GIS specialist 
Function: Compiler
Adress and contact: Slavíkova 9/2357, Praha 6, CZ-16900
E-mail: lerova@volny.czTelephone:+420 233 356 622 

Figure 1: Soil Map of the Czech Republic.

 Download Area

Title Format Size Comments
Soil Map of the Czech Republic  JPEG 8 MB 600 dpi Resolution
Soil Map of the Czech Republic  PDF 23 MB The same map in PDF version.
Google Earth File (Soil Map of the Czech Republic)  KML 6 MB Load the Google Earth File and navigate in soils of Czech Republic.
Geo-referenced File (Soil Map of the Czech Republic)  TIFF 8 MB Download the Geo-referenced soil map of Czech Republic. Geo-referencing is the process of aligning spatial data (layers that are shape files such as polygons, points, etc.) to an image file such as an historical map, satellite image, or aerial photograph. .
Metadata XLS 0.1 MB  



Title : Soil Map of Germany. 
Abstract: Nation-wide land use strategies and planning as well as soil protection require harmonised and standardised area-covering information. Such data is provided by the digital Soil Map of Germany at scale 1:200,000 (BÜK 200). The pedological data of this map, stored in a relational database, is used to demonstrate the abundance and the associations of soils and their basic properties in Germany. However, the main purpose of the BÜK 200 is to offer a database which allows the estimation and visualisation of soil functions, soil potentials and soil hazards.

To achieve comparable soil information throughout Germany the BGR and the soil surveys of the federal lands have elaborated and defined BÜK 200 standards concerning the map (e.g. delineation and description of mapping units) and its database (e.g. database model, parameters, codification). 

The BÜK 200 is published in the sheet line system of the Topographic Map of Germany at scale 1:200,000, and contains 55 single map sheets. 

The overview shows the mapping status of the BÜK 200 (by clicking on a published map sheet in the interactive map metadata can be viewed!). The metadata of the BÜK 200 and other pedological products of the BGR can also be accessed by product choice (digital archive). 
Get more information about the Soil Map of Germany or access directly the Regional Maps
Reference Date: 01.06.2016
Scale of map: 1: 200,000 
Geographical area specification: Germany 
Language: German 


Name: Dietmar Krug 

Name:Ulrich Stegger 



Figure 1: Soil Map of Germany.


Italy: Carta Ecopedologica

The Project "Ecopedological Map of Italy" was born from the will of the Italian Ministry of Environment who wanted to insert the pedological component between the 3 environmental components of the NATURA Map. In this context the European Commission - Joint Research Centre has been in charge of the realization of the Ecopedological Map of Italy in scale 1:250.000. 

The Italian Ministry of Environment has signed an agreement with the European Commission in order to develop the Ecopedological Map of Italy at a scale 1:250.000 (Carta Ecopedologica, 1:250.000). 

This project has ended in 2001 and became part of the implementation of the European Soil Information System (EUSIS) as it was described in the Georeferenced Soil Database for Europe: Manual of Procedures Version 1.1. Eur 18092 EN). The Concept of the EUSIS and the National Soil Databases may be viewed in the Figure 1. 

The Ecopedological Map of Italy (Carta Ecopedologica) in its final version is structured in three levels as below:
- Soil region with reference scale 1:5.000.000, 
- Soil Subregion with reference scale 1:1.000.000, 
- Ecopedological units with reference scale 1:250.000. 

If we translate the Map into numbers then the Ecopedological Map is made up of: 
- 18 Soil regions, 
- 89 Soil Subregions, 
- 282 Ecopedological Units
- 6538 polygon included in the Ecopedological Units 
- 446 polygons of non soil (lakes, cities etc). 

The Ecopedological Map of Italy has succeeded the following objectives:
- characterization of soils for hydrological and erosion risks;
- Identification of relations soils - vegetation;
- conservation aspects.

Figure 1: The Ecopedological Map of Italy in the context of the European Soil Information System
The structure of the information system developed during the project "Carta Ecopedologica 1:250.000" is shown in the Figure 2. The delineation of soil units and the characterization of landscape types are coherent with the delineation of Natura Map. 

During the implementation of the Project, it has tried to implement as much as possible from the guidelines of the document "Georeferenced Soil Database for Europe: Manual of Procedures Version 1.1. Eur 18092 EN". The referred document is the result from a Working Group in the Context of the European Soil Bureau Network. During the implementation of the work, they have become necessary some adaptations of the Manual to the particular issues of the Italian territory. 

The "descendent" process carries out the delineation of polygons of the Ecopedological Units for successive approximations through the parameter analysis as the climate, the parent material, the geomorfology, the soil use etc. 

Soil Regions Map of Italy, Scales 1:5.000.000

The Italian Soil Regions Map in first analysis with "a descendent" approach and has been based on two main information sources: 
- the Landscape Map in scale 1:250.000 of the Ministry of Environment, with an informative layer of the 15 parent associations 
- the definition of climatic zones described in the document "Georeferenced Soil Database for Europe: Manual of Procedures Version 1.1. Eur 18092 EN". 

The Soil SubRegions Map of Italy, Scale 1:500.000

The Soil Subregions level represents, with "the descendent" methodology application, an ulterior level of aggregation before reaching Ecopedological units. 

With the current methodological approach, this level concurs to insert ulterior parameters for the delineation of the Soil Subregions. The Soil Regions were characterized by associations of material and climatic regions. Instead, in the Soil Subregions the "parent material" parameter is identified with the identification of lithological groups and appears, for the first time, the concept geomorfologic (macromorphology) tied to great landscapes. 

For the definition of the lito- morphologic concepts that have guided to the delineation of the Soil Subregions, the DTM of 250m was used in combination with Landsat 5 iamges and the geolithic cartography of various scales (Geological Map 1:500.000). 

The Ecopedological Map, Scale 1:250.000

The delineation of the Ecopedological Units which are part of the Ecopedological Map (Carta Ecopedologica) with the above mentioned process has involved the use of various information sources.

Figure 2: The Components of the Ecopedological Map of Italy

Available Resources

Maps: Get the Carta Ecopedologica of Italy, Scale 1:250.000 - WRB 1998 or select one of the detailed pictures of the map 

Application - Service: One of the Services provided in the National Geographic Portal is the Ecopedologica. The Ecopedologica Application allows the user to Navigate on line in the Ecopedological Soil Map of Italy, Scale 1: 250,000.

Figure 3: Ecopedological Map of Italy (WRB 1998)



Title : Digital Soil Map of the Scotland. 
Abstract: The 1:250 000 scale National Soil Map of Scotland was derived from a mixture of new soil survey work undertaken between 1978 and 1981 and a simplification of more detailed mapping undertaken between 1947 and 1978. The soil map units are mainly soil 'complexes' based on a limited number of repeated landforms found throughout Scotland and, as such, often comprise of more than one particular soil type. A series of handbooks give additional information of the distribution of the individual soil types within these map units. Although published as a series of paper maps, the soil polygons were subsequently digitised to produce an electronic spatial dataset of the entire country (see Metadata below for a more detailed description). A 100m raster version was produced with the help of the former Institute of Hydrology and during this process many of the digitising errors were identified and corrected and soil boundaries were extended into urban areas. Subsequent use of the dataset in combination with more detailed mapping identified a problem with the registration of water bodies with some water bodies being displaced by up to 200m. These errors were corrected in 2012 and a new version of the 1:250 000 scale National Soil Map of Scotland was released. Additional revisions included edits to the associated attribute table and in 2013, the introduction of a revised, single soil classification for Scotland that can be applied to soil profile data, as well as all soil maps at a scales of 1:25 000, 1:50 000, 1:63 360 and 1:250 000. 

More information / Data can be downloaded from the link 

Geographical area specification:Scotland 
Language: English 


Organisation: James Hutton Institute 

Scotland's soils are a great natural resource and provide many essential services to society, so it is important that they are sustainably managed and protected for future generations. This website aims to make authoritative, scientifically robust soils information and data more accessible, both to help decision-makers and to increase public understanding of soils. It is the result of a two-year project funded by the Scottish Government in partnership with SEPA, SNH and Forestry Commission Scotland. 
More information on Soils of Scotland.

Figure 1: Soil Map of Scotland